Rosebery is an inner south suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 6 kilometers south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government areas of the City of Sydney and the Bayside Council.
Rosebery has a mix of residential, commercial and industrial developments but the landscape is being redeveloped as high-density housing, displacing many industrial businesses and affecting the heritage of the suburb. This is happening in the northern parts of Rosebery and the adjacent Green Square.
Rosebery was named after Archibald Phillip Primrose, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1894–95. The suburb was named in his honor after his visit to Australia for two months in 1883–84.
Rosebery was once the site of Rosebery Racecourse, which first opened as a pony track in 1906. Race meetings held by the Associated Racing Clubs became as popular as those at Randwick, especially in the 1920s. The track became an army camp during World War II.After the war, it became a training track used by the Sydney Turf Club.
In 1961, much of the land was purchased by the Rosebery Town Planning Company and developed as an industrial area. The housing commission purchased the remaining acres for high-density public housing. The area north of Gardeners Road was developed by Richard Stanton (1862–1943) and the same company that developed Haberfield, with the result that Rosebery is known as a 'garden suburb'. Garden competitions were held in the suburb prior to the 1990s. Houses are predominantly single-story California bungalows, Federation Bungalows or "standard" suburban detached homes.
Gardeners Road Primary School is the public school for the area and is located at the junction of Gardeners Road and Botany Road. St Therese's School is a Catholic school next to St Therese's Church, Sutherland Street. On Rosebery Avenue is the Sydney International Film School.
There is a large park in the middle of Rosebery called Turruwul Park, which is bounded by Harcourt Parade and Hayes Road. A smaller park is Crete Reserve, situated at the bottom of Rosebery Avenue. Other small parks are located at Lever Street, where there is a scout hall, and the corner of Harris and Coward Streets. There is also a park in Kimberley Grove. However, the nighttime lighting of Turruwul park results in a more active night sports situation. Turruwul park is the home of the Redfern Raiders Soccer Club.